Cloud Storage: what it is, what it is used for and what types exist

The digital industry runs on information. It is often used in the short term, and most of the documents created and saved by a user on a particular device are important for the moment. After that, the documents are either deleted or forgotten.

If a document no longer plays a role, it is recommended that it be deleted, as it takes up memory, and this affects the efficiency with which the device processes commands. A very common problem occurs when the memory of a laptop or smartphone is almost full and, because of this, the device loads very slowly, even on simple tasks. Thus, it is very important that document storage is done efficiently in order to keep the devices’ capacity to function at a consistently high level.

However, good storage also requires security and access to documents by one or more users. Cyber or digital attacks are becoming increasingly sophisticated and unpredictable, and the risk of an attacker gaining access or even destroying documents is quite high. In addition, it must be taken into account that problems with hardware components can lead to the irretrievable loss of various documents.

This uses cloud storage to keep data in a secure and easily accessible place, regardless of the device used. However, users need to know what the cloud is, what the advantages and disadvantages of using it are, and what types of cloud services there are.

1. What is cloud storage?

To understand what cloud storage is and how it works, it is a different technology from web hosting, although it still works online and requires an internet connection. While web hosting involves providing a domain for a website, cloud storage provides an external memory that can be accessed online, where data can be stored.

1.1 Definition of cloud storage

Cloud storage is a data storage model in which data is distributed in online documents. These documents are managed by several servers managed, in turn, by a hosting company. Cloud storage service providers are responsible for both data protection and data access. That’s why individuals or companies buy or rent storage space and use it for their own purposes.

1.2 How does cloud storage work?

Some cloud storage is purchased from a provider who owns and manages it and makes it available to the user for a fee. These providers are responsible for the capacity, security and durability of the storage space, so that data is accessible to users wherever they are and whatever device they are using, as long as they have an internet connection.

cloud storage

2. What can cloud storage be used for?

Even if the main purpose is to store data, helping to save device memory.

However, cloud technology can also be used in other ways, especially when it comes to security or data recovery if data has been lost from a particular source. These methods also depend on the user’s primary interest.

Data recovery

Backup and recovery play an essential role in ensuring that data is protected and accessible. Thus, if data is lost from a device’s internal memory, it remains accessible on the cloud. In addition, data on the device can be constantly updated, so that anything new automatically enters the cloud by creating a duplicate document.

Software testing

For testing new software or an update, separate, independent and duplicate storage environments may be needed so that software can be developed, managed and decommissioned when required.

Developers around the world are turning to pay-as-you-go storage options that make it easier to manage new software while reducing the associated costs.

Data migration

The availability, durability and cost benefits of cloud storage are very important for business owners, as well as those who provide storage, backup, networking or data security services. Cloud data migration services can simplify this process by avoiding high network costs, long transfer times and security issues.

data migration

3. Advantages of cloud storage

Obviously, there are some specific advantages of cloud storage. These are essential for those who need storage space and especially for companies that work with large volumes of data for which they need adequate protection. In addition, they can be chosen according to the user’s requirements to ensure they have the space they need.

Data security

Cloud storage is essential to keep data and documents in a safe place. The systems that help protect them are well developed, and those who manage cloud spaces are constantly making sure they are updated to keep up with the ever-growing attackers. In addition, if an attack targets a particular device, data can be recovered from the cloud.

Financial savings

One of the biggest advantages of cloud storage is that it’s a solution that helps reduce equipment costs. This is most advantageous for companies that, without the ability to store in the cloud, need to purchase additional equipment, such as external hard drives, to store their data in large volumes.

Data replication

Data replication is also a form of data protection. In fact, this process involves storing it both in the cloud and in another memory, often the device’s internal memory. However, replication ensures access to data even when it is lost from the device due to other causes, such as irreparable technical failures.

storage4. Disadvantages of cloud storage

There are a number of disadvantages to using cloud storage. These do not fatally affect data security, but they can have an effect on upload or download speeds in a given environment. However, some of the disadvantages may only arise in a specific context where multiple devices are used on a single internet connection and are not constantly present.

Connection speed impairment

This is a disadvantage that can be felt especially in an environment where there is only one or too few internet connections compared to the number of connected devices. Thus, they will be forced to use a single cloud source, which can affect the connection speed. This is most common in large companies that use many devices and store data continuously.

Predisposition to online attacks

Even if the security of data stored online is at an all-time high, attacks can still occur. Also, servers containing stored data are favourite targets for attackers, which means that attempts can happen at any time. On the other hand, there are many types of software that secure this data, and these are being developed regularly.

Slow server restoration

Restoring an entire server can take longer. In contrast, file restores are just as fast. In addition, it is recommended to create duplicates of the saved data, especially if there are situations where a dependent user has a certain amount of time in which the restore must be done. In this way, access to the data is ensured at all times.

server storage5. Types of cloud storage

Depending on their requirements and needs, companies can choose where, when and how they use cloud computing technology to ensure efficient and reliable data management.

There are several types of cloud computing. However, three models are the main ones when it comes to their implementation and the cloud services they offer that can provide the hosting a company needs.

5.1 Public cloud storage

The public cloud is owned by an external provider and is accessible to many companies. This type of cloud helps companies save money and the provider is responsible for setting up and maintaining the entire system.

Public clouds are ideal for small and medium-sized businesses that have a limited budget but need a fast and easy platform to work with.

5.2 Private cloud storage

This type of storage offers a customised infrastructure for a single company. Thus, the control belongs to the company that owns the storage space.

While this solution can be expensive, it can offer a higher level of security and more autonomy to customise storage data for larger companies.

5.3 Hybrid cloud storage

Hybrid storage is recommended for enterprises that want to benefit from both private and public options.


Cloud storage is one of the most secure and cost-effective options for saving data. Therefore, it is used both by individuals and companies.

How much does server space cost?

Servers are stored in a data center maintained by a hosting company. Since it is not cheap to build and maintain a data center, most companies rent a server and only use what they need.

Renting a server space isn’t free, but comes at a cost. Rather than storing a server in your office or at home, you can rent one. Server space is basically a space on the server provided by a hosting company like Amazon Web Services (AWS) for a certain cost per month or annually. As a customer with a website or in need of storage space, you can rent a space for these purposes and get to only pay for what you use.

Server space cost depends on the type of server, the service provider, the type of CPU, how much storage and bandwidth that you use. On average, it can cost you between $5 and $300 per month for server space.

Types of servers

Rental servers come in two main types – dedicated and cloud servers. Both servers give you root access and your preferred operating system (Windows or Linux). Besides, the servers are assigned their dedicated IP addresses and a control panel to manage them. Cloud servers are best for smaller applications that can be distributed and run across multiple servers. Also, they’re suitable for apps that may need to scale up over time in the future despite starting small. For example, an application with few or no users and then gains a lot of users along the way. These applications include email & web servers, and other types of hosting. A cloud server has a high-availability and is designed for maximum uptime. They can also be instantly deployed

Dedicated servers are designed for dedication to a single application that requires stability which translates to a huge amount of memory, CPU, and other disk resources. A use is billed monthly or can pay upfront and receive additional discounts. A dedicated server is ideal for projects like databases, large web servers, and machine learning that are resource-intensive and don’t need high-availability.

Cost of server space

Now that you have an understanding of the types of servers and how they work, you can easily understand how much on average you may have to part with. Generally, the cost of server space is dependent on the disk space, CPU, and memory needed. Cloud servers are cheaper and can be leased for as low as $5 per month. This is because they can be upgraded at any time. Dedicated servers on the other end can’t boast of such and as a result, cost more. On average, a dedicated server will cost you between $50 and $300 per month.

Type of CPUDisk space (SSD)MemoryCost per month
Intel E3 1230 V6500GB32GB$90
Intel E3 1280 V6500GB(2)32GB$109
Intel E5 2670500GB(2)32GB$140
Intel Xeon W-21251 x 240 GB & 2 x 500 GB32GB$200

Besides, the monthly fee for renting server space, there are other associated costs that vary depending on your needs. They include offsite backup, managed services like server administration & monitoring, and software licensing like Microsoft Windows Server software.

How does it work?

When you rent server space and pay a monthly fee, the company providing you with a service like AWS or Google is responsible for setting up and mating your server’s hardware. Most of them provide you with a 24/7 contact line since they understand the importance of your business being online throughout. These companies usually have data centers which are physical buildings where they store hardware like huge computers and disks. These buildings are spread around the world and run throughout. The server that contains your data is stored in these buildings which are very secure and monitored 24/7. Since these data centers are spread around the world and can be accessed online, you can access your server from anywhere in the world.

Advantages of buying a server space

Purchasing a server space rather than setting up one yourself provides you with numerous advantages. Firstly, you don’t need to buy or maintain physical hardware. All these are provided by the hosting company. Secondly, you can, later on, migrate to a new server without hardware costs. Another benefit of server space is that your server is stored in a secure data center with around-the-clock security and monitoring. Also, you receive access to the latest hardware and support assistance 24/7.

Final Thoughts

A lot of online processes rely on server space. Despite it being costly, it’s cheaper than setting up your own data center to host your server and maintaining it. When you rent server space, you focus on your app and leave the rest to the hosting company.


How much will server space cost for hosting an application?

An app requires more CPU, disk space, and memory which are the fundamental hardware specs of a server. Since an app generates data from users, the disk space will vary with an increase in active users pushing the cost up. Hosting an app can cost you on average between $70 and $320 monthly. This however depends on the app’s content and the number of active users.

What makes server space expensive?

Servers run 24/7 to keep up with the demand which makes them operate under stressful conditions. To maintain the server in a data center requires cooling, monitoring of the center for security purposes. CCTV cameras have to be installed as well as security personnel being employed. To avoid downtimes, these data centers are built around the world which is not cheap.