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Cloud Storage: what it is, what it is used for and what types exist

Cloud Storage: what it is, what it is used for and what types exist

The digital industry runs on information. It is often used in the short term, and most of the documents created and saved by a user on a particular device are important for the moment. After that, the documents are either deleted or forgotten.

If a document no longer plays a role, it is recommended that it be deleted, as it takes up memory, and this affects the efficiency with which the device processes commands. A very common problem occurs when the memory of a laptop or smartphone is almost full and, because of this, the device loads very slowly, even on simple tasks. Thus, it is very important that document storage is done efficiently in order to keep the devices’ capacity to function at a consistently high level.

However, good storage also requires security and access to documents by one or more users. Cyber or digital attacks are becoming increasingly sophisticated and unpredictable, and the risk of an attacker gaining access or even destroying documents is quite high. In addition, it must be taken into account that problems with hardware components can lead to the irretrievable loss of various documents.

This uses cloud storage to keep data in a secure and easily accessible place, regardless of the device used. However, users need to know what the cloud is, what the advantages and disadvantages of using it are, and what types of cloud services there are.

1. What is cloud storage?

To understand what cloud storage is and how it works, it is a different technology from web hosting, although it still works online and requires an internet connection. While web hosting involves providing a domain for a website, cloud storage provides an external memory that can be accessed online, where data can be stored.

1.1 Definition of cloud storage

Cloud storage is a data storage model in which data is distributed in online documents. These documents are managed by several servers managed, in turn, by a hosting company. Cloud storage service providers are responsible for both data protection and data access. That’s why individuals or companies buy or rent storage space and use it for their own purposes.

1.2 How does cloud storage work?

Some cloud storage is purchased from a provider who owns and manages it and makes it available to the user for a fee. These providers are responsible for the capacity, security and durability of the storage space, so that data is accessible to users wherever they are and whatever device they are using, as long as they have an internet connection.

cloud storage

2. What can cloud storage be used for?

Even if the main purpose is to store data, helping to save device memory.

However, cloud technology can also be used in other ways, especially when it comes to security or data recovery if data has been lost from a particular source. These methods also depend on the user’s primary interest.

Data recovery

Backup and recovery play an essential role in ensuring that data is protected and accessible. Thus, if data is lost from a device’s internal memory, it remains accessible on the cloud. In addition, data on the device can be constantly updated, so that anything new automatically enters the cloud by creating a duplicate document.

Software testing

For testing new software or an update, separate, independent and duplicate storage environments may be needed so that software can be developed, managed and decommissioned when required.

Developers around the world are turning to pay-as-you-go storage options that make it easier to manage new software while reducing the associated costs.

Data migration

The availability, durability and cost benefits of cloud storage are very important for business owners, as well as those who provide storage, backup, networking or data security services. Cloud data migration services can simplify this process by avoiding high network costs, long transfer times and security issues.

data migration

3. Advantages of cloud storage

Obviously, there are some specific advantages of cloud storage. These are essential for those who need storage space and especially for companies that work with large volumes of data for which they need adequate protection. In addition, they can be chosen according to the user’s requirements to ensure they have the space they need.

Data security

Cloud storage is essential to keep data and documents in a safe place. The systems that help protect them are well developed, and those who manage cloud spaces are constantly making sure they are updated to keep up with the ever-growing attackers. In addition, if an attack targets a particular device, data can be recovered from the cloud.

Financial savings

One of the biggest advantages of cloud storage is that it’s a solution that helps reduce equipment costs. This is most advantageous for companies that, without the ability to store in the cloud, need to purchase additional equipment, such as external hard drives, to store their data in large volumes.

Data replication

Data replication is also a form of data protection. In fact, this process involves storing it both in the cloud and in another memory, often the device’s internal memory. However, replication ensures access to data even when it is lost from the device due to other causes, such as irreparable technical failures.

storage4. Disadvantages of cloud storage

There are a number of disadvantages to using cloud storage. These do not fatally affect data security, but they can have an effect on upload or download speeds in a given environment. However, some of the disadvantages may only arise in a specific context where multiple devices are used on a single internet connection and are not constantly present.

Connection speed impairment

This is a disadvantage that can be felt especially in an environment where there is only one or too few internet connections compared to the number of connected devices. Thus, they will be forced to use a single cloud source, which can affect the connection speed. This is most common in large companies that use many devices and store data continuously.

Predisposition to online attacks

Even if the security of data stored online is at an all-time high, attacks can still occur. Also, servers containing stored data are favourite targets for attackers, which means that attempts can happen at any time. On the other hand, there are many types of software that secure this data, and these are being developed regularly.

Slow server restoration

Restoring an entire server can take longer. In contrast, file restores are just as fast. In addition, it is recommended to create duplicates of the saved data, especially if there are situations where a dependent user has a certain amount of time in which the restore must be done. In this way, access to the data is ensured at all times.

server storage5. Types of cloud storage

Depending on their requirements and needs, companies can choose where, when and how they use cloud computing technology to ensure efficient and reliable data management.

There are several types of cloud computing. However, three models are the main ones when it comes to their implementation and the cloud services they offer that can provide the hosting a company needs.

5.1 Public cloud storage

The public cloud is owned by an external provider and is accessible to many companies. This type of cloud helps companies save money and the provider is responsible for setting up and maintaining the entire system.

Public clouds are ideal for small and medium-sized businesses that have a limited budget but need a fast and easy platform to work with.

5.2 Private cloud storage

This type of storage offers a customised infrastructure for a single company. Thus, the control belongs to the company that owns the storage space.

While this solution can be expensive, it can offer a higher level of security and more autonomy to customise storage data for larger companies.

5.3 Hybrid cloud storage

Hybrid storage is recommended for enterprises that want to benefit from both private and public options.

Conclusion

Cloud storage is one of the most secure and cost-effective options for saving data. Therefore, it is used both by individuals and companies.

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